Excerpt Taken From:
From Subcarpathian Rusyns To Transcarpthian Ukrainians
(within: The Persistence of Regional Cultures)
Oleksa V. Myšanyč
In earlier times, since there was no particular geographical or political name for Transcarpathia, its territory was designated by the names of the its administrative counties: Maramaroš, Ugoča, Bereg, and Ung. The general names, Rus’ and Ukrajina (Ukraine) – adapted as Carpathian Rus’ (Karpats’ka Rus’), Subcarpathian Rus’ (Pidkarpats’ka Rus), Transcarpathian Rus’ (Zakarpats’ka Rus’), Hungarian Rus’ (Uhors’ka Rus’), Carpatho-Ukraine (Karpats’ka Ukrajina), and Transcarpathian Ukraine (Zakarpats’ka Ukrajina) – were only used in recent times.
The culture of Transcarpathia as a regionally Rusyn (Carpatho-Rusyn) evolved over a long period. Throughout the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries it formed a constituent part of the culture of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains. Because it was constantly the victim of political opression, it underwent a social deformation in the manner of any small stateless people detached from the economic and cultural core of its ethnos.